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Call for COVID-19 Case Reports                                                                                                                                                      Priority Code: COVID-19
At this time, the American Journal of Case Reports is particularly interested in publishing reports that demonstrate informative aspects of cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV- 2).

We hope to encourage submissions from authors worldwide who may be reluctant to submit publications at this time due to article processing costs. Therefore, the American Journal of Case Reports is offering priority processing of all case reports and case series on aspects of COVID-19 that are accepted for publication following peer-review (Priority Processing Code: COVID-19).

During this global pandemic, and as clinical experience of this new viral infection continues to accumulate, the global medical community can play an important role by sharing clinical experience through case reports and case series. 

Details of submission of manuscripts for the American Journal of Case Reports, and a manuscript template in Word, are available from: https://www.amjcaserep.com/instructions

(updated Jul.1st.2020)

Published: 2020-07-12

Pneumatosis Intestinalis and Hepatic Portal Venous Gas: Watch and Wait or Emergency Surgery? A Case Report and Literature Review

Rigers Dibra, Arcangelo Picciariello, Giuseppe Trigiante, Grazia Labellarte, Giovanni Tota, Vincenzo Papagni, Gennaro Martines, Donato F. Altomare

(Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, University “Aldo Moro” of Bari, Bari, Italy)

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e923831

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.923831

BACKGROUND: Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) associated with pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) can be indicative of several diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), infective and obstructive gastrointestinal conditions, and also potentially life-threatening situations such as mesenteric ischemia.
CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old female patient came to our attention with evidence at computed tomography (CT) scan of gas in the portal vein and bowel walls with no sign of ischemia. General tenderness of the abdomen with absence of bowel sounds was detected at the physical examination. An exploratory laparotomy was performed with evidence of mesenteric ischemia.
CONCLUSIONS: Emergency surgery should be indicated when CT signs of PI and HPVG occur along with a clinical situation strongly suggestive of bowel ischemia, even with no radiological sign of this critical condition.

Keywords: Emergency Treatment, Laparotomy, Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis, Portal Vein

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