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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


Acute pancreatitis: Manifestation of acute HIV infection in an adolescent

Anas Bitar, Muhammad Altaf, Thomas J. Sferra

Am J Case Rep 2012; 13:17-18

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.882323

Available online: 2012-01-20

Published: 2012-01-20

Background:    Pancreatitis in the pediatric age group is not as common as in adults. Etiologies are various and differ from those in adults. Although infectious etiology accounts for a significant number of cases of pancreatitis, acute infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) was rarely reported as a possible etiology for acute pancreatitis in adults. Acute pancreatitis has never been reported as a presenting manifestation of acute HIV infection in children.
    Case Report:    We describe a pediatric patient who presented with acute pancreatitis that revealed acute HIV infection.
    Conclusions:    Acute pancreatitis as a primary manifestation of HIV infection is very rare. It may represent an uncommon aspect of primary HIV infection. We suggest that acute HIV infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of acute pancreatitis at all ages.

Keywords: Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing, Adolescent, HIV Infections