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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


Posttraumatic persistent shoulder pain: Superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) lesions

Challenging differential diagnosis, Management of emergency care, Rare disease

Umut Gulacti, Cagdas Can, Mehmet Ozgur Erdogan, Ugur Lok, Hasan Buyukaslan

Turkey ADIYAMAN, Turkey

Am J Case Rep 2013; 14:308-310

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.889309

Available online: 2013-08-12

Published: 2013-08-12


Background: Due to the anatomical and biomechanical characteristics of the shoulder, traumatic soft-tissue lesions are more common than osseous lesions. Superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) lesions are an uncommon a cause of shoulder pain. SLAP is injury or separation of the glenoid labrum superior where the long head of biceps adheres. SLAP lesions are usually not seen on plain direct radiographs. Shoulder MRI and magnetic resonance arthrography are useful for diagnosis.
Case Report: A 57-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department due to a low fall on his shoulder. In physical examination, active and passive shoulder motion was normal except for painful extension. Anterior-posterior shoulder x-ray imaging was normal. The patient required orthopedics consultation in the emergency observation unit due to persistent shoulder pain. In shoulder MRI, performed for diagnosis, type II lesion SLAP was detected. The patient was referred to a tertiary hospital due to lack of arthroscopy in our hospital.
Conclusions: Shoulder traumas are usually soft-tissue injuries with no findings in x-rays. SLAP lesion is an uncommon cause of traumatic shoulder pain. For this reason, we recommend orthopedic consultation in post-traumatic persistent shoulder pain.

Keywords: Pain, Shoulder, SLAP lesion