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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


Congenital arhinia: A rare case

Rare disease, Congenital defects / diseases, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Mao-mao Zhang, Yang-hong Hu, Wei He, Kui-kui Hu

China (mainland) Department of Plastic Surgery, Guangdong Women and Children’s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China (mainland)

Am J Case Rep 2014; 15:115-118

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.890072

Available online: 2014-03-18

Published: 2014-03-18


Abstract: Background: Congenital nasal absence (arhinia) is an extremely rare malformation. Arhinia causes severe airway obstruction and poor feeding in the affected neonate. There is an association with other facial anomalies, especially defects of the eyes, ears, palate, and midline defects.
Case Report: A full-term boy was born via an uncomplicated vaginal delivery. The mother was 40 years old and had a normal pregnancy. The mother had 4 previous uncomplicated pregnancies. There was no history of drug use during pregnancy.
Conclusions: Congenital arhinia is a rare defect of embryogenesis, often associated with other anomalies that significantly influence the immediate and long-term outcomes of the neonate. It is a potentially life-threatening condition and requires the presence of a highly skilled neonatal resuscitation team at the time of delivery. Parental counseling is vital and a multidisciplinary team approach is required to optimize neonatal outcome.

Keywords: reconstruction, congenital, Arhinia