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25 August 2014 : Case report  United Kingdom

Corynebacterium Diphtheriae Endocarditis with Multifocal Septic Emboli: Can Prompt Diagnosis Help Avoid Surgery?

Mistake in diagnosis, Diagnostic / therapeutic accidents, Rare disease, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Vasileios PatrisB, Orestis ArgiriouB, Charalampos KonstantinouE, Niki LamaD, Haris GeorgiouE, Emmanouil KatsanevakisD, Mihalis ArgiriouA, Christos CharitosA

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.890855

Am J Case Rep 2014; 15:352-354

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although Corynebacterium diphtheriae is well known for causing diphtheria and other respiratory tract infections, in very rare cases it can lead to severe systemic disease.

CASE REPORT: This is a case of a previously healthy young man (no prosthetic valve in situ or other known congenital defect), presenting with a Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection leading to endocarditis. The patient reported no I.V. drug use, so it can be assumed that no risk factors for infective endocarditis were present.

CONCLUSIONS: This report aims to raise suspicion for this specific infection in order to proceed with the right treatment as soon as possible.

Keywords: Corynebacterium Infections - microbiology, Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use, Corynebacterium diphtheriae - isolation & purification, DNA, Bacterial - analysis, Diagnosis, Differential, Echocardiography, Endocarditis, Bacterial - microbiology, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, young adult

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923