25 August 2014 : Case report
Corynebacterium Diphtheriae Endocarditis with Multifocal Septic Emboli: Can Prompt Diagnosis Help Avoid Surgery?
Mistake in diagnosis, Diagnostic / therapeutic accidents, Rare disease, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)Vasileios PatrisB, Orestis ArgiriouB, Charalampos KonstantinouE, Niki LamaD, Haris GeorgiouE, Emmanouil KatsanevakisD, Mihalis ArgiriouA, Christos CharitosA
Am J Case Rep 2014; 15:352-354
BACKGROUND: Although Corynebacterium diphtheriae is well known for causing diphtheria and other respiratory tract infections, in very rare cases it can lead to severe systemic disease.
CASE REPORT: This is a case of a previously healthy young man (no prosthetic valve in situ or other known congenital defect), presenting with a Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection leading to endocarditis. The patient reported no I.V. drug use, so it can be assumed that no risk factors for infective endocarditis were present.
CONCLUSIONS: This report aims to raise suspicion for this specific infection in order to proceed with the right treatment as soon as possible.
Keywords: Corynebacterium Infections - microbiology, Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use, Corynebacterium diphtheriae - isolation & purification, DNA, Bacterial - analysis, Diagnosis, Differential, Echocardiography, Endocarditis, Bacterial - microbiology, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, young adult
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