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23 June 2015 : Case report  USA

Vitamin B12 Deficiency and Elevated Folate Levels: An Unusual Cause of Generalized Tonic-Clonic Seizure

Unknown etiology, Challenging differential diagnosis, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Sandeep Singh LubanaABEF, Mostafa AlfishawyE, Navdeep SinghBEF, Sharon AtkinsonEF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.893847

Am J Case Rep 2015; 16:386-389

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency leads to abnormal myelination or demyelination, resulting in sub-acute combined degeneration, peripheral neuropathy, and psychiatric problems, including delusions, hallucinations, cognitive changes, depression, and dementia. Vitamin B12 deficiency also leads to brain shrinkage and neurodegenerative disorders.

CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 49-year-old man presenting with new-onset seizures one and a half years following subtotal gastrectomy due to stage IV gastric adenocarcinoma. The patient did not have any history of head injury. Laboratory tests were negative for any metabolic derangements. There were no signs of infection. MRI brain and EEG were normal and there were no changes in medications.

CONCLUSIONS: In case of unexplained new-onset seizures, patients should be tested for vitamin B12 and folic acid levels and these should be done as part of the initial work-up.

Keywords: Folic Acid - blood, Brain - pathology, Magnetic Resonance Imaging - methods, Seizures - etiology, Vitamin B 12 Deficiency - diagnosis

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923