Deceased Donor Kidney Transplantation in the Eurotransplant Senior Program (ESP): A Single-Center Experience from 2008 to 2013
Johannes Jacobi, Sophie Beckmann, Katharina Heller, Karl F. Hilgers, Hendrik Apel, Bernd Spriewald, Kai-Uwe Eckardt, Kerstin U. Amann
Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany
Ann Transplant 2016; 21:94-104
The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome after transplantation of deceased allografts in donor/recipient pairs aged ≥65 years enrolled in the Eurotransplant Senior Program (ESP).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study we evaluated data from 89 patients transplanted under the ESP protocol from 2008 to 2013. Outcome parameters included graft and patient survival, rate of biopsy-proven acute rejections (BPAR), peri- and post-operative complications, tumor development, development of donor-specific antibodies (DSA), and the prognostic role of preimplantation biopsies.
RESULTS: One-year patient and allograft survival rates were 92.1% and 84.3%, respectively. During follow-up, 23 (26%) patients died; the major cause of death was sepsis, followed by cardiovascular events and malignancies. BPAR episodes were frequent within the first year (~33%) and overall were less common in patients treated with tacrolimus. Post-transplant malignancies were seen in 15 (17%) patients. During follow-up, 16 (18%) patients developed DSA; patients with delayed graft function (DGF) were more likely to develop DSA (p=0.029). A higher preimplantation biopsy score was associated with DGF but did not predict later graft outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: The results highlight increased risks in ESP transplant candidates and the importance of careful surveillance of this patient group.
Keywords: Graft Rejection, Kidney Transplantation, Survival Rate