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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Case Report

Unusual clinical course, Management of emergency care, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Clinton G. Nelson, Tara Elta, Jeanette Bannister, James Dzandu, Alicia Mangram, Victor Zach

USA Department of Trauma Surgery, HonorHealth John C. Lincoln Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ, USA

Am J Case Rep 2016; 17:186-191

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.897116

Available online: 2016-03-23

Published: 2016-03-23


BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury remains a challenging and complicated disease process to care for, despite the advance of technology used to monitor and guide treatment. Currently, the mainstay of treatment is aimed at limiting secondary brain injury, with the help of multiple specialties in a critical care setting. Prognosis after TBI is often even more challenging than the treatment itself, although there are various exam and imaging findings that are associated with poor outcome. These findings are important because they can be used to guide families and loved ones when making decisions about goals of care.
CASE REPORT: In this case report, we demonstrate the unanticipated recovery of a 28-year-old male patient who presented with a severe traumatic brain injury after being in a motorcycle accident without wearing a helmet. He presented with several exam and imaging findings that are statistically associated with increased mortality and morbidity.
CONCLUSIONS: The care of severe traumatic brain injuries is challenging and dynamic. This case highlights the unexpected recovery of a patient and serves as a reminder that there is variability among patients.

Keywords: Brain Injuries - therapy, Brain Edema - therapy, Adult, Accidents, Traffic, decompressive craniectomy, Glasgow Coma Scale, Hematoma, Subdural - radiography, Motorcycles, Recovery of Function, Skull Fractures - therapy, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Traumatic - radiography, Ventriculostomy