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Angioimmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma in a Patient with Klinefelter Syndrome

Challenging differential diagnosis, Unusual setting of medical care, Rare disease, Congenital defects / diseases, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis), Rare co-existance of disease or pathology

Yong Tae Park, Chan-Ho Park, Mi Ae Bae, Hwa Sik Jung, Youn Im Lee, Ji-Hun Lim, Hee Jeong Cha, Min Jung Seo, Seol Hoon Park, Yunsuk Choi, Hawk Kim, Jae-Cheol Jo

Department of Internal Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, South Korea

Am J Case Rep 2016; 17:529-534

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.897572

Available online:

Published: 2016-07-25

BACKGROUND: Although patients with Klinefelter syndrome have elevated risk and incidence rates for several solid cancers, reports on the incidence of hematological malignancies have been equivocal.
CASE REPORT: We report a patient diagnosed with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma in whom Klinefelter syndrome was newly detected. Moreover, we discuss the development of a variety of lymphomas in patients with Klinefelter syndrome.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first case describing angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma in a patient with Klinefelter syndrome who was treated with chemotherapy.

Keywords: Immunoblastic Lymphadenopathy - therapy, Biopsy, Klinefelter Syndrome - diagnosis, Lymph Nodes - diagnostic imaging, Lymphoma, T-Cell - therapy, Tomography, X-Ray Computed