A Case of Miller Fisher Syndrome, Thromboembolic Disease, and Angioedema: Association or Coincidence?
Rare disease, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis), Rare co-existance of disease or pathology
Nooshin Salehi, Eric D. Choi, Roger C. Garrison
Department of Medicine, Riverside University Health System, Moreno Valley, CA, USA
Am J Case Rep 2017; 18:52-59
Miller Fisher Syndrome is characterized by the clinical triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia, and is considered to be a variant of Guillain-Barre Syndrome. Miller Fisher Syndrome is observed in approximately 1–5% of all Guillain-Barre cases in Western countries. Patients with Miller Fisher Syndrome usually have good recovery without residual deficits. Venous thromboembolism is a common complication of Guillain-Barre Syndrome and has also been reported in Miller Fisher Syndrome, but it has generally been reported in the presence of at least one prothrombotic risk factor such as immobility. A direct correlation between venous thromboembolism and Miller Fisher Syndrome or Guillain-Barre Syndrome has not been previously described.
CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 32-year-old Hispanic male who presented with acute, severe thromboembolic disease and concurrently demonstrated characteristic clinical features of Miller Fisher Syndrome including ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia. Past medical and family history were negative for thromboembolic disease, and subsequent hypercoagulability workup was unremarkable. During the course of hospitalization, the patient also developed angioedema.
CONCLUSIONS: We describe a possible association between Miller Fisher Syndrome, thromboembolic disease, and angioedema.
Keywords: angioedema, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Miller Fisher Syndrome, thromboembolism