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16 May 2017 : Case report  USA

Melanoma Masquerading as a Zosteriform Rash

Unusual clinical course, Challenging differential diagnosis, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Saif Ibrahim1AEF, Bashar Al-Turk2EF*, Ciel Harris2EF, Farrah Al-Saffar3FG, Sayf Said4EG, Maheera Farsi5EG, Jeffrey Winder2FG, Christian Landa6AFG

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.902377

Am J Case Rep 2017; 18:537-540

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Primary care physicians and internal medicine specialists frequently encounter a variety of rashes. Many of these cases look and feel typical of common entities, resulting in the potential for misdiagnosis.

CASE REPORT: This is a case of a zosteriform rash where the surprising true diagnosis of metastatic melanoma was confirmed with bedside skin punch biopsy. Possible mechanisms involve direct cutaneous injury, neuronal, and dorsal root ganglia involvement in metastases.

CONCLUSIONS: Skin biopsy is indispensable especially when there is a lack of clinical response or deterioration in the clinical condition. The pathophysiology of zosteriform metastasis is unclear.

Keywords: Herpes Zoster, Melanoma, Amelanotic, Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923