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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


An Eye Popping Case of Orbital Necrotizing Fasciitis Treated with Antibiotics, Surgery, and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Unusual clinical course, Unusual setting of medical care, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Narayanasarma V Singam, Deepam Rusia, Rajan Prakash

USA Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA

Am J Case Rep 2017; 18:329-333

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.902535

Available online: 2017-04-01

Published: 2017-04-01


BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) of the orbit is a rare and deadly condition that requires prompt surgical and medical management to decrease morbidity and mortality. 
CASE REPORT: Here we present an interesting case of an individual who developed fulminant NF of the left orbit requiring emergent surgical intervention, antibiotics, and subsequent hyperbaric oxygen therapy in an attempt to save the eye. 
CONCLUSIONS: With an early and aggressive multifaceted approach using antibiotics, surgery, and hyperbaric oxygen it may be possible to preserve eye structure and function. Without treatment NF is a rapidly progressive condition and can result in significant morbidity.

Keywords: Fasciitis, Necrotizing, Hyperbaric Oxygenation, Infectious Disease Medicine, Ophthalmology