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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


Thoracic Epidural Hematoma Complicating Vertebroplasty

Unusual or unexpected effect of treatment

Cumhur Kaan Yaltırık, Selçuk Özdoğan, Başar Atalay

Turkey Department of Neurosurgery, Yeditepe University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey

Am J Case Rep 2017; 18:1229-1232

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.907385

Available online:

Published: 2017-11-21


BACKGROUND: Percutaneous vertebroplasty procedures are commonly used to treat vertebral fractures. These techniques may be associated with major complications.
CASE REPORT: We present here a case of a 64-year-old female patient with T9 and T10 acute osteoporotic fractures, treated previously with vertebroplasty for four levels of osteoporotic vertebral fractures. The patient was treated by T9–T10 vertebroplasty. The post-operative neurological examination was normal. Two hours later, she progressively worsened and developed paraplegia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a hyper-acute epidural hematoma over the T6 to T10 vertebrae. Evacuation of the epidural hematoma completely resolved her motor weakness. Previous literature reports one case with a thoracolumbar epidural hematoma over T11–L2 and another case with a L1 epidural hematoma after vertebroplasty.
CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous vertebroplasty is generally a safe procedure but can have rare complications. Epidural hematoma after vertebroplasty is one of the uncommon complications. Before percutaneous vertebroplasty, patients should be informed about these rare complications. Prognosis is very good if early intervention is possible.

Keywords: Hematoma, Epidural, Spinal, kyphoplasty, Postoperative Complications, Thoracic Vertebrae, vertebroplasty