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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


Imanaga’s First Method for Reconstruction with Preservation of Mesojejunal Autonomic Nerves During Pylorus-Preserving Pancreatoduodenectomy

Unusual or unexpected effect of treatment, Patient complains / malpractice

Yusuke Kimura, Daiki Yasukawa, Yuki Aisu, Tomohide Hori

Japan Department of Digestive Surgery, Tenri Hospital, Tenri, Nara, Japan

Am J Case Rep 2018; 19:608-613

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.908817

Available online:

Published: 2018-05-28


BACKGROUND: Pancreatic surgeries have undergone substantial development. Pancreaticoduodenectomy and pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy inherently require reconstruction. In 1960, Professor Imanaga introduced a reconstructive technique performed in the order of the gastric remnant, pancreatic duct, and biliary tree from the viewpoint of physiologic function after pancreaticoduodenectomy. We herein report our experience with Imanaga’s first method during pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy and retrospectively evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes. Technicalities and pitfalls are also discussed.
CASE REPORT: Eight patients were evaluated (mean follow-up period, 16.7 ± 1.0 years). Mesojejunal autonomic nerves were preserved without tension to the greatest extent possible for reconstruction. Intentional dissection of regional lymph nodes and nerves was performed in five and two patients, respectively. During the short-term postoperative period, one patient developed pancreatic leakage resulting in an intraperitoneal abscess, and endoscopic transgastric drainage was required. Two patients developed delayed gastric emptying. In three patients, passage from the duodenojejunostomy to pancreaticojejunostomy was mechanically disturbed, and endoscopic dilations with a balloon bougie were repeated. Repeated cholangitis was observed in three patients. During the long-term postoperative period, neither cachexia nor sarcopenia was observed, although two patients had diabetes. Two patients were free from all medications. Three patients who did not undergo intentional dissection of lymph nodes and nerves showed acceptable short- and long-term outcomes, although one each developed repeated cholangitis and adhesive ileus during the short-term period.
CONCLUSIONS: Imanaga’s first reconstruction may have potential benefits, especially for diseases that do not require intentional dissection. Adequate mobilization of the pancreatic remnant is important for successful reconstruction.

Keywords: Pancreaticoduodenectomy, Imanaga, Reconstructive Surgical Procedures, Pylorus