23 June 2018 : Case report
Recurrent Unilateral Transudative Pleural Effusion Due to Low Flow, Low Gradient Severe Aortic Stenosis
Unusual clinical courseJaafar F. Al-Khafaji1BE*, Mohamed Taha1BE, Abubaker O. Abdalla1E, Christopher Rowan2ABCDEF
Am J Case Rep 2018; 19:739-743
BACKGROUND: In symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS), the majority of patients have high gradient AS. However, some patients have an AS gradient less than 40 with a valve area under 1.0 cm². For patients with a low gradient, severe AS is difficult to detect and requires a high index of suspicion. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is currently recommended for patients with moderate to high risk AS according to the Society of Thoracic Surgery (STS) risk score.
CASE REPORT: Here we present the case of an 86-year-old female with recurrent pleural effusion over the course of 2-year; she had multiple thoracentesis procedures and was being considered for a pleurodesis. Later the patient was found to have severe AS; an echocardiogram showed an aortic valve (AV) area of 0.67 cm², AV mean gradient of 34 mmHg, and ejection fraction of 75%. The patient underwent a diagnostic cardiac catheterization and was treated with TAVR.
CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis was made after exclusion of all other causes of unilateral pleural effusion and was confirmed by improvement of effusion following the TAVR procedure.
Keywords: Aortic Valve Stenosis, Dyspnea, Pleural Effusion
19 May 2022 : Case reportBilateral Emphysematous Pyelonephritis Associated with COVID Pneumonia: A Case Report
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936370
17 May 2022 : Case reportHigh-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation for Refractory Hypoxemia in Severe COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Small Case ...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936651
13 May 2022 : Case reportA case of exacerbation of haloperidol-induced rhabdomyolysis following the onset of COVID-19
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936589
23 May 2022 : Case reportPharmacological and Behavioral Strategies to Improve Vision in Acquired Pendular Nystagmus
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.935148
23 May 2022 : Case reportA Case of Methicillin-Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) Prostate Abscess, Osteomyelitis, and Myositis ...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936704
23 May 2022 : Case reportAdalimumab Mitigates Lumbar Radiculopathy in a Case of Ankylosing Spondylitis
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936600
Most Viewed Current Articles
23 Feb 2022 : Case reportPenile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine
Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250
17 Feb 2022 : Case reportMyocarditis, Pulmonary Hemorrhage, and Extensive Myositis with Rhabdomyolysis 12 Days After First Dose of P...
Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e934399
06 Dec 2021 : Case reportLipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases
Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406