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Urologic Surgery with Multisystem Comorbidities: A Case Report

Rare disease

Upendra Maddineni, Eric F. Worrall, Erik A. Baker, Madhavi Earasi, Francis Mathieu, Georgi Guruli

USA Department of Anesthesiology, McGuire Veterans Administration Medical Center, Richmond, VA, USA

Am J Case Rep 2018; 19:1047-1052

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.909554

Available online: 2018-09-01

Published: 2018-09-01


BACKGROUND: Originally implemented for colorectal surgery, enhanced perioperative protocols have been incorporated into many surgical fields in an effort to improve outcomes. The cornerstone of many strategies includes patient education, liberalized oral intake on the day of surgery, no routine bowel prep, targeted multimodal analgesia, cautious use of IV hydration, early extubation, avoidance of NG tubes and/or surgical drains, and encouraging early postoperative ambulation.
CASE REPORT: We report on the successful outcome of a single patient with a rare autosomal dominant disorder (hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia) with multisystem involvement including pulmonary, cardiac, hematologic, gastrointestinal, renal, oncologic, and hepatic comorbidities, scheduled for open nephrectomy.
CONCLUSIONS: Prospective and retrospective studies are needed to specifically elucidate the role of similar management in higher-risk surgical candidates.

Keywords: Nephrectomy, Patient Education as Topic, Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic



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