Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

29 June 2018 : Case report  France

Peritoneal Myeloid Sarcoma in a Patient Treated for a Testicular Seminoma

Challenging differential diagnosis, Rare disease

Raffaele Longo1ABCDEF*, Véronique Dorvaux2ABDE, Eric Chatelain3BCDE, Philippe Quétin4ABDE, Francesca Plastino1BDEF, Nada Eid1BCDE, Nathalie Marcon5BCDE, Laurent Hennequin6BCDE, Marco Campitiello1BCDE

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.910434

Am J Case Rep 2018; 19:763-766

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Myeloid sarcoma is a rare extramedullary soft tissue neoplasm composed of myeloblastic cells, usually associated to hematologic tumor disorders and a poor prognosis. Its diagnosis is very difficult as radiological images are not specific. Histology and immunohistochemistry are necessary for an accurate diagnosis.

CASE REPORT: We report the case of 46-year-old, Caucasian, non-smoker male, treated in 2014 by orchiectomy and systemic chemotherapy for a stage IIB testicular seminoma. Considering the rapid increase of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels without any evident medical reason, a computed tomography/positron emission tomography (CT/PET) scan was performed and revealing a diffuse, nodular, peritoneal tumor infiltration associated with multiple mesenteric and mediastinal adenopathies. Laparoscopy confirmed a diffuse tumor infiltration of the peritoneum. Histology and immunohistochemistry were consisted with the diagnosis of a myeloid monoblastic sarcoma. Cytology of bone marrow documented an monocytic acute myeloid leukemia. The patient started a systemic induction chemotherapy with high dose cytarabine and idarubicin that was complicated by an infectious pneumonia and colitis, and a grade IV thrombocytopenia leading to a brain subdural hemorrhage and quickly to patient’s death.

CONCLUSIONS: We describe a rare, peritoneal, myeloid sarcoma in a young patient who had been treated by systemic chemotherapy for testicular seminoma 4 years earlier. The patient was clinically asymptomatic and presented only elevated LDH levels without any evident clinical reason. Considering the persistence of this biochemical abnormality, more investigations were performed leading to a diagnosis of peritoneal myeloid sarcoma associated with monocytic acute myeloid leukemia, probably secondary to the past chemotherapy.

Keywords: Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute, Sarcoma, Myeloid, Testicular Neoplasms

Comments

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

19 May 2022 : Case report  Serbia

Bilateral Emphysematous Pyelonephritis Associated with COVID Pneumonia: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936370  

17 May 2022 : Case report  USA

High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation for Refractory Hypoxemia in Severe COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Small Case ...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936651  

13 May 2022 : Case report  Japan

A case of exacerbation of haloperidol-induced rhabdomyolysis following the onset of COVID-19

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936589  

13 May 2022 : Case report  USA

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis After SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936574  

In Press

20 May 2022 : Case report  Canada

Diagnostic Puzzle of Acute Ischemic Stroke Mimics – Seizure Versus Post-Stroke Recrudescence: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936826  

19 May 2022 : Case report  Saudi Arabia

Extremes of Anemia: The Lowest Hemoglobin Values Probably Ever Reported in the Pediatric Literature Attribu...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936252  

19 May 2022 : Case report  Brazil

Acute Hepatitis with Positive Autoantibodies: A Case of Natalizumab-Induced Early-Onset Liver Injury

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936318  

19 May 2022 : Case report  Japan

Successful Percutaneous Fogarty Thrombectomy for Subacute Lower Limb Ischemia Due to Resistant Thrombus in ...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936377  

Most Viewed Current Articles

31 Dec 1969 : Case report  USA

Penile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935250

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250

31 Dec 1969 : Case report  Oman

Myocarditis, Pulmonary Hemorrhage, and Extensive Myositis with Rhabdomyolysis 12 Days After First Dose of P...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934399

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e934399

31 Dec 1969 : Case report  Brazil

Lipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934406

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406

31 Dec 1969 : Case report  USA

A Rare Case of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Vaccine-Associated Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis Treated with Me...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935355

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935355

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923