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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


A Case Report of Recurrent Metastatic Sebaceous Carcinoma Which Showed Favorable Response Tt Non-Fluorouracil Based Chemotherapy

Unusual setting of medical care

Shin Hee Lee, Yun Hwa Jung, Ji Yeon Yoo, Hyo Jin Park

South Korea Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Daejeon Sun Medical Center, Daejeon, South Korea

Am J Case Rep 2018; 19:1192-1196

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.912552

Available online: 2018-10-06

Published: 2018-10-06


BACKGROUND: Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare malignant tumor of the skin adnexa. While surgical resection is a treatment of choice in localized disease, frequent recurrence and distant metastasis make treatment difficult. Moreover, due to its rarity, optimal systemic treatment has not been determined.
CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old female presented with disseminated subcutaneous nodules. Past history indicated she received repeated surgery, radiation therapy, and fluorouracil-based systemic chemotherapy for recurrent sebaceous carcinoma. Following a subcutaneous nodule biopsy, histopathologic examination confirmed recurrent metastasis of sebaceous carcinoma. Because there was no established regimen as salvage chemotherapy, we decided to administer paclitaxel plus Adriamycin as a combination regimen after a thorough search of previous reports on PubMed. After the patient received 6 cycles of chemotherapy, all masses dramatically regressed. Unfortunately, several new lesions appeared 3 months after cessation of chemotherapy. Therefore, she was treated with anti-HGF antibody through a clinical trial. After that, she received nivolumab. But treatment with all the new agents did not show any response. Furthermore, her disease progressed rapidly. We re-challenged with the paclitaxel and Adriamycin regimen, 2 cycles of chemotherapy, and the follow-up positron emission tomography - computed tomography revealed marked decrement of multiple metastatic nodules.
CONCLUSIONS: Although several clinical reports have shown the effectiveness of fluorouracil, especially 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy, there has been a paucity of reports on other chemotherapeutic agents. We report a case of metastatic sebaceous carcinoma which showed favorable response to non-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy.

Keywords: Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous, Doxorubicin, paclitaxel