Aggressive Graphic/Surgical R0 Resection and Jejunal Interposition with Preservation of Mesojejunal Autonomic Nerves in Patients with Stage IV Esophagogastric Junction Adenocarcinoma: A Report of 3 Cases
Unusual clinical course, Unusual setting of medical care, Patient complains / malpractice
Taku Kitano, Yuki Aisu, Daiki Yasukawa, Tomohide Hori
(Department of Digestive Surgery, Tenri Hospital, Tenri, Nara, Japan)
Am J Case Rep 2019; 20:465-473
Three patients with stage IV esophagogastric junction cancer (EGJC) underwent extended resection to achieve a graphic/surgical R0 status (no visible remnant of viable tumor in imaging/surgical findings) and adjuvant chemotherapy from the early postoperative period. We also introduced use of our digestive reconstruction technique in these patients.
CASE REPORT: We used jejunal interposition for digestive reconstruction, which involved end-to-end jejunojejunostomy with a biofragmentable anastomosis ring. The mesojejunal autonomic nerves of the lifted jejunum were preserved. The first adenocarcinoma involved the perilesional lymph nodes (LNs). Graphic/surgical R0 resection was completed by para-aortic LN dissection. The diagnosis (Japanese Classification of Gastric Carcinoma) was stage IV [pM1(LYM)]. Adjuvant chemotherapy began on postoperative day (POD) 11. The second adenocarcinoma was accompanied by a solitary lung metastasis. Intraoperative cytology of ascitic fluid was positive, and cisplatin was intraperitoneally administered. Adjuvant chemotherapy began on POD 10. The solitary lung metastasis was then resected, and graphic/surgical R0 resection was achieved. The diagnosis was stage IV [pM1(PUL) and CY1]. The third adenocarcinoma was accompanied by multiple liver metastases and metastatic regional LNs. The diagnosis was stage IV [H1]. Systemic chemotherapy was repeated. Only a solitary liver metastasis remained and was treated by radiofrequency ablation. Conversion surgery was conducted, achieving graphic/surgical R0 resection. Systemic chemotherapy was continued from POD 10.
CONCLUSIONS: For patients with stage IV EGJC, extended resection to achieve a graphic/surgical R0 status is still controversial, and systemic chemotherapy is important. The results of the present study suggest that our physiological reconstruction technique does not affect the efficacy of other therapies, such as adjuvant chemotherapy.
Keywords: Adenocarcinoma, Autonomic Pathways, Chemotherapy, Adjuvant, Drug Therapy, Esophagogastric Junction, Reconstructive Surgical Procedures