23 November 2019 : Case report
An Intra-Operatively Diagnosed Case of Hemorrhagic Cholecystitis in a 43-year-old Patient: Case Report
Challenging differential diagnosis, Rare diseaseGeorge Khoury1BCEF, Gregory Nicolas1ABDEF*, Elias A. Abou-Jaoude2BCDEF, Nancy Emmanuel2CDEF, Adnan Awdeh1BCDE, Brian Bitar3BCD, Christian Saliba1BCDE, Julien Sami Atef El Sayegh1BCEF, Dani Osman1BCEF, Elie Zaghrini4BCDE
Am J Case Rep 2019; 20:1732-1735
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic cholecystitis is an uncommon occurrence in the setting of gallbladder pathology. It is a rare complication of acute cholecystitis that may have a misleading presentation and workup, making it challenging to diagnose pre-operatively.
CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 43-year-old female who presented for severe epigastric pain with nausea and vomiting and whose imaging was in favor of acute cholecystitis. The patient was scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, during which she was found to have hemorrhagic cholecystitis, later confirmed by pathology.
CONCLUSIONS: Hemorrhagic cholecystitis is an uncommon diagnosis in patients presenting with abdominal pain. The case discussed hereafter was found to have hemorrhagic cholecystitis intra-operatively. Urgent cholecystectomy is crucial in the setting of hemorrhagic cholecystitis due to its possible fatality. This case emphasizes the importance of thinking of hemorrhagic cholecystitis in a patient presenting for what appears to be a severe acute cholecystitis.
Keywords: Abdominal Pain, Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic, Hemorrhagic Disorders, Adult, Cholecystitis, Diagnosis, Differential, Hemorrhage
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