13 November 2019 : Case report
A Case of Thymic Carcinoma with Bone and Cerebral Metastases Treated with Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Chemotherapy
Unusual clinical course, Challenging differential diagnosis, Unusual or unexpected effect of treatmentJacqueline Kropf1ABCDE, Giselle Castaneira1BCD, Lily T. Luc1BF, Chukwuemeka Oriala2DE, Zachary Field1ACDEF, Alex Rico1ABC, Steve J. Carlan3ADEF*
Am J Case Rep 2019; 20:1669-1674
BACKGROUND: Thymic carcinoma is a rare malignant neoplasm. High-grade thymic carcinoma has a high recurrence rate following surgery, and a low 5-year survival rate. Approximately 30% of patients with thymic carcinoma will be asymptomatic at the time of diagnosis. Extrathoracic metastasis on presentation is uncommon. Treatment of the primary tumor includes surgery, chemotherapy, and fractionated radiation. A rare case of thymic carcinoma that presented with bone and cerebral metastases is reported in a patient who responded well to stereotactic radiosurgery and chemotherapy.
CASE REPORT: A 63-year-old woman presented to the hospital for evaluation of hip pain. She was diagnosed with a lytic bone lesion of the right femur and brain metastasis. Biopsies from the mediastinal mass and right femur showed histological features consistent with carcinoma. Immunohistochemistry showed positive immunostaining of the tumor cells for the c-kit receptor (CD117) and CD5, supporting a diagnosis of stage IVb thymic carcinoma. Treatment included stereotactic radiosurgery, which delivered multiple radiation beams to the tumor tissue from different directions to target the tumor without affecting normal tissues. She was treated as an outpatient with carboplatin and taxol after stereotactic radiosurgery. The patient recovered well following treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: A case of thymic carcinoma with bone and cerebral metastases was successfully treated with stereotactic radiosurgery and chemotherapy.
Keywords: Brain Neoplasms, Radiosurgery, Thymus Neoplasms, Bone Neoplasms, Carboplatin, Chemotherapy, Adjuvant, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Staging, paclitaxel, Thymoma, Treatment Outcome
19 May 2022 : Case reportBilateral Emphysematous Pyelonephritis Associated with COVID Pneumonia: A Case Report
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936370
17 May 2022 : Case reportHigh-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation for Refractory Hypoxemia in Severe COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Small Case ...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936651
13 May 2022 : Case reportA case of exacerbation of haloperidol-induced rhabdomyolysis following the onset of COVID-19
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936589
23 May 2022 : Case reportPharmacological and Behavioral Strategies to Improve Vision in Acquired Pendular Nystagmus
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.935148
23 May 2022 : Case reportA Case of Methicillin-Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) Prostate Abscess, Osteomyelitis, and Myositis ...
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936704
23 May 2022 : Case reportAdalimumab Mitigates Lumbar Radiculopathy in a Case of Ankylosing Spondylitis
Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936600
Most Viewed Current Articles
23 Feb 2022 : Case reportPenile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine
Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250
17 Feb 2022 : Case reportMyocarditis, Pulmonary Hemorrhage, and Extensive Myositis with Rhabdomyolysis 12 Days After First Dose of P...
Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e934399
06 Dec 2021 : Case reportLipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases
Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406