Logo American Journal of Case Reports

Call: 1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports Logo American Journal of Case Reports

20 November 2019 : Case report  USA

Abnormal Presentation of Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy Attributed to Polysubstance Exposure

Challenging differential diagnosis, Unusual or unexpected effect of treatment, Unexpected drug reaction , Congenital defects / diseases

Taylor R. Maddox1ABCDEF, Jessica Haas2BCD, Lacey Andrews3ABCDE, Bobby Miller4DF, Todd H. Davies1ADEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.918091

Am J Case Rep 2019; 20:1715-1718

Abstract

BACKGROUND: With the increasing prevalence of substance use in pregnancy, the rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) are dramatically increasing. There is little information on the use of multiple substances in adults, even less so of polysubstance abuse during pregnancy and the consequences for the fetus as well as the mother.

CASE REPORT: A newborn male born at 35 weeks presented post-delivery with hips bilaterally dislocated and hyperflexed. The patient’s legs fully extended and their shoulders were bilaterally mid-flexed with arms fully extended. This neonate was also reported to have bilateral hearing and vision loss as well as NAS symptoms of high-pitched crying and respiratory distress. During pregnancy the mother in this case study admitted to using buprenorphine, benzodiazepines, gabapentin, and heroin. The consequences of using this combination has not been well studied in pregnancy.

CONCLUSIONS: The presented case had severe complications, likely due to maternal polysubstance use and poor prenatal care in pregnancy. Clonidine was used to control the NAS symptoms, ranitidine was used to treat the gastroesophageal reflux, and glycopyrronium bromide was used for the neonate’s excessive secretions. After delivery, the patient was placed on a nasal noninvasive cannula for respiratory distress and was transferred to a different hospital for treatment of the more serious comorbid conditions.

Keywords: Hypoxia, Brain, Maternal-Fetal Exchange, Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Benzodiazepines, Buprenorphine, gabapentin, Heroin, Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain, Infant, Newborn, Male, Pregnancy, Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects

Comments

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

19 May 2022 : Case report  Serbia

Bilateral Emphysematous Pyelonephritis Associated with COVID Pneumonia: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936370  

17 May 2022 : Case report  USA

High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation for Refractory Hypoxemia in Severe COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Small Case ...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936651  

13 May 2022 : Case report  Japan

A case of exacerbation of haloperidol-induced rhabdomyolysis following the onset of COVID-19

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936589  

13 May 2022 : Case report  USA

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis After SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936574  

In Press

24 May 2022 : Case report  USA

Adalimumab Mitigates Lumbar Radiculopathy in a Case of Ankylosing Spondylitis

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936600  

23 May 2022 : Case report  Switzerland

Pharmacological and Behavioral Strategies to Improve Vision in Acquired Pendular Nystagmus

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.935148  

23 May 2022 : Case report  USA

A Case of Methicillin-Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) Prostate Abscess, Osteomyelitis, and Myositis ...

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936704  

20 May 2022 : Case report  Canada

Diagnostic Puzzle of Acute Ischemic Stroke Mimics – Seizure Versus Post-Stroke Recrudescence: A Case Report

Am J Case Rep In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.936826  

Most Viewed Current Articles

23 Feb 2022 : Case report  USA

Penile Necrosis Associated with Local Intravenous Injection of Cocaine

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935250

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935250

17 Feb 2022 : Case report  Oman

Myocarditis, Pulmonary Hemorrhage, and Extensive Myositis with Rhabdomyolysis 12 Days After First Dose of P...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934399

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e934399

06 Dec 2021 : Case report  Brazil

Lipedema Can Be Treated Non-Surgically: A Report of 5 Cases

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.934406

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e934406

19 Feb 2022 : Case report  USA

A Rare Case of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Vaccine-Associated Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis Treated with Me...

DOI :10.12659/AJCR.935355

Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e935355

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923