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15 December 2019 : Case report  USA

Neonate Death Due to Marijuana Toxicity to the Liver and Adrenals

Unusual clinical course, Challenging differential diagnosis, Unexpected drug reaction , Clinical situation which can not be reproduced for ethical reasons

Connie Bao1ABCDEF*, Shiping Bao1ABCDEFG

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.919545

Am J Case Rep 2019; 20:1874-1878

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Marijuana is the considered the most widely available and used drug across the world. Up to this time, there have been no reports of human death directly caused by acute marijuana toxicity in adults, fetuses, or newborn neonates.

CASE REPORT: We report a death of an 11-day-old white female neonate due to acute marijuana toxicity. She died of extensive necrosis and hemorrhage of the liver and adrenals due to maternal use of marijuana.

CONCLUSIONS: This case is unique in that other possible causes of death can be eliminated. With growing use of marijuana by pregnant women and increases in newborn drug screening of umbilical cord homogenate, more cases of neonatal death due to acute marijuana toxicity could be discovered.

Keywords: Infant, Newborn, Marijuana Abuse, Pregnancy Complications, Death

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923