Management of emergency care, Rare disease
Ryohei Takei, Keiichiro Kanamoto, Yuta Tamaru, Koki Nojima, Kazuyoshi Mitta, Ryosuke Zaimoku, Ayako Kanamoto, Hirohumi Terakawa, Yuki Higashi, Yuji Tsukioka, Kiyoshi Takagawa, Masato Kiriyama
Department of Surgery, Kurobe City Hospital, Kurobe, Toyama, Japan
Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e922405
Available online: 2020-02-10
Strangulation ileus is caused by external obstruction to the small bowel, which results in ischemia and loss of bowel peristalsis. Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm (LAMN) is a low-grade adenocarcinoma that arises in the appendix. LAMN is usually asymptomatic but can present with appendiceal rupture and pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). This report is of a rare presentation of LAMN with strangulation ileus in a 92-year-old man.
CASE REPORT: A 92-year-old man was admitted to the emergency room with sudden onset of lower abdominal pain and abdominal distension. Laboratory investigations showed a leukocytosis with a white blood cell (WBC) count of 14.6×10³/μL with 85.5% neutrophils, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) of 26.6 mg/dL, and serum creatinine of 2.6 mg/dL, consistent with acute renal failure. Arterial blood gas analysis showed lactic acidosis (pH of 7.11) with a base excess of -20.8 mmol/L and lactate of 13.7 mmol/L. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed ascites and a dilated obstructed closed loop of the distal ileum associated with an external mass (3.9×2.8 cm). An initial diagnosis was of strangulation ileus due to Meckel’s diverticulum. Emergency ileocecal resection was performed. Histopathology showed a low-grade mucinous tumor arising from the mucosa of the appendix, consistent with LAMN. At a 13-month follow-up, the patient was well with no tumor recurrence.
CONCLUSIONS: This report is of a rare case of LAMN that presented as a surgical emergency with strangulation ileus.
Keywords: Appendiceal Neoplasms, case reports, Ileus