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03 June 2020 : Case report  Italy

Combined Timed Surgery and Conservative Management of Primary Necrotizing Fasciitis of the Breast: A Case Report

Rare disease

Concetta Anna Dodaro
  • A Study design/planning
  • B Data collection/entry
" data-author="4343032">1AB
, Antonio Zaffiro2BEF*, Anna Maria Iannicelli3C, Ludovica Giordano2CD, Luigi Sorbino2CD, Francesco Mangiapia4D, Mariangela Lanzano5F, Fabrizio Schonauer2ABF

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.922688

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e922688

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis is a life-threatening infection that involves the deep fascia and the surrounding tissue, but rarely involves the female breast. The most common treatment for necrotizing fasciitis of the breast is total mastectomy. However, the use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), after surgical debridement, is reported to promote the more rapid development of granulation tissue, before reconstructive surgery. This report presents the case of a 53-year-old woman with necrotizing fasciitis of the breast who underwent combined timed surgery and conservative management.

CASE REPORT: A 53-year-old woman presented with necrotizing fasciitis of the right breast, involving the right lateral chest wall and flank. She was referred to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the hospital with septic shock. After hemodynamic stabilization was achieved, she underwent surgical debridement. Excised breast tissues were sent for histology, and intraoperative swabs were collected and sent for microbiological examination. Intravenous antibiotic therapy and hyperbaric oxygen therapy commenced. The patient was managed with NPWT dressings, followed by reconstructive breast surgery. The right chest and flank completely healed.

CONCLUSIONS: This case has shown that early diagnosis and management of necrotizing fasciitis of the breast can be life-saving and may allow for breast conservation. Early aggressive debridement combined with NPWT dressings and reconstructive breast surgery resulted in successful wound healing and preservation of the breast with a satisfactory cosmetic outcome.

Keywords: Breast, Fasciitis, Necrotizing, Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy, Surgery, Plastic, Wound Closure Techniques, Anti-Infective Agents, Combined Modality Therapy, conservative treatment, Middle Aged, Staphylococcal Infections

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923