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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


Endovascular Management of Superficial Femoral Artery Occlusion Secondary to Embolization of Celt ACD® Vascular Closure Device

Unusual clinical course

Jehad Fataftah, Raed Tayyem, Bashar Ghosheh, Farah Tayyem, Mamoon Al-Omari

Jordan Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e925575

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.925575

Available online: 2020-07-17

Published: 2020-08-27


BACKGROUND: This report describes the endovascular management of a Celt ACD® vascular closure device (VCD) lodged in the superficial femoral artery (SFA), 1 year after its deployment. There is a paucity of evidence in the existing literature regarding the management of complications related to embolized VCD discovered months or years after its deployment.
CASE REPORT: A 70-year-old male patient, who was a heavy smoker, presented with right lower-limb intermittent claudication of 2 months’ duration. He underwent a successful left retrograde iliac artery and left SFA angioplasty 1 year ago. The right femoral pulse was normal, whereas the right popliteal pulse was absent. The right ankle-brachial index was 0.64. Doppler ultrasound showed evidence of mid-right SFA occlusion. Angiogram showed an embolized Celt ACD VCD in the right SFA causing segmental occlusion. An endovascular attempt to retrieve the embolized VCD via a snare failed, as the VCD got deeply embedded in the vessel wall. After successful balloon angioplasty, a stent was placed into the SFA with excellent angiographic and clinical outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: This case demonstrates the risk of dislodgement of the VCD and its distal embolization with a risk of late ischemia. Endovascular retrieval may be unsuccessful for chronically embolized VCD. Therefore, stent angioplasty is an acceptable option.

Keywords: Angioplasty, Catheterization, Peripheral, Device Removal, Embolization, Therapeutic, Foreign Bodies, Stents