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30 July 2020 : Case report  Grenada

COVID-19 Precipitating Status Epilepticus in a Pediatric Patient

Unusual clinical course, Educational Purpose (only if useful for a systematic review or synthesis)

Madison Farley1E*, Jamshed Zuberi2E

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.925776

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e925776

Abstract

BACKGROUND: As the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV2) spreads around the world infecting people of all ages, clinicians and researchers are working to gather data on the presentation of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Further study is necessary to better diagnose and treat COVID-19 patients.

CASE REPORT: We describe the case of an 8-year-old boy admitted with status epilepticus, who also tested positive for COVID-19, while afebrile, with no initial respiratory symptoms. Benzodiazepines were given per treatment guidelines, abating the seizure activity. He subsequently developed respiratory distress and desaturation requiring temporary emergent intubation. All clinical symptoms resolved within a few hours. Results of a computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain were within normal limits. Results of a 24-h electroencephalogram (EEG) were abnormal, indicative of diffuse cerebral dysfunction. As a result of intubation and findings of bilateral infiltrates on chest x-ray, a COVID-19 test was administered and the result was positive.

CONCLUSIONS: For proper diagnosis and treatment, patients and clinicians should be aware that COVID-19 may not present in the typical fashion of respiratory distress and fever. The present case suggests a rare neurological presentation of COVID-19.

Keywords: COVID-19, Pediatrics, SARS Virus, Status epilepticus

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923