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Cystic Ovarian Leiomyoma in a Patient with Progressive Abdominal Pain

Challenging differential diagnosis, Rare disease

Khaloud Alshwairikh, Wadha AlOtaibi, Sulaiman Alshammari, Turki Alshammari, Riyadh Hakami, Mohammed Alswayyed, Thamer Bin Traiki

Saudi Arabia Department of Anesthesia, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e930299

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.930299

Available online: 2021-05-24

Published: 2021-06-30


#930299

BACKGROUND: Ovarian leiomyomas are rare, benign, smooth muscle, solid tumors that occur in women aged 20 to 65 years. Because their histology is benign, the prognosis for patients is good. We report the case of a patient with a huge ovarian leiomyoma who presented to the General Surgery Clinic with chronic abdominal pain and progressive abdominal distention.
CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old woman with a history of multiple myomectomies and a total abdominal hysterectomy with right oophorectomy presented to the General Surgery Clinic with abdominal pain and a 4-year history of progressive distention. After being examined, the patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy, during which a pelvic cyst was found that measured 3930.2 cm, was filled with serous fluid (10.5 L), and occupied most of the abdominal space. The surgery went smoothly and there were no complications during or after the procedure. The patient was discharged home 7 days later in stable condition. Postoperative pathology using hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemistry with desmin and alpha-smooth muscle actin resulted in a diagnosis of leiomyoma with cystic degeneration. When the patient was seen in the outpatient clinic 2 weeks and 3 and 6 months after surgery, her tumor markers were within normal limits. Abdominal and pelvic computed tomography scans performed at the 6-month visit showed resolution of the loculated intraperitoneal fluid and no gross local recurrence of the tumor.
CONCLUSIONS: Ovarian leiomyomas are difficult to diagnose preoperatively. Suspicion for one should be high, however, in patients who present with a large cystic mass in adnexal tissues, especially if they have a history of hysterectomy and oophorectomy.

Keywords: Adnexal Diseases, Leiomyoma, Uterine Myomectomy



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