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14 May 2021: Articles

Convexal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Caused by Infective Endocarditis in a Patient with Advanced Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): The Culprits and Bystanders

Rare disease

Faisal Khan A* , Neha Sharma A , Moin Ud Din A , Saloni Shirke A , Saima Abbas C

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.931376

Am J Case Rep 2021; 22:e931376

Table 1. Etiologies of convexal subarachnoid hemorrhage.

VascularCerebral amyloid angiopathy
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome
Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome
Pial arteriovenous malformation
Dural arteriovenous fistula
Cerebral venous thrombosis (dural and cortical)
Moya Moya disease
Cerebral vasculitis
Large vessel atherosclerosis
Internal carotid artery dissection or stenosis
Lupus vasculitis
Non-vascularInfective endocarditis
Brain abscesses ()
Coagulation disorders (leukemia, heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, cirrhosis, aplastic anemia, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, cryoglobulinemia)
Brain tumors (primary vs secondary)
Drugs (amphetamine, ephedra, cocaine)
Cardioembolism (atrial fibrillation, nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis, patent foramen ovale, atrial myxoma)

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American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923
American Journal of Case Reports eISSN: 1941-5923