H-Index
17
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
eISSN: 1941-5923
call: +1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Logo

MSMbanner
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Annals
ISI-Home

Get your full text copy in PDF

Isolation of plasma membrane compartments from rat brain cortex; detection of agonist-stimulated G protein activity

Lenka Bourova, Jiri Stohr, Vaclav Lisy, Vladimir Rudajev, Jiri Novotny, Petr Svoboda

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(4): BR111-122

ID: 869610


Background: Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) play an essential role in linking cell-surface receptors to effector proteins at the plasma membrane. The functional activities of G proteins in various plasma membrane compartments remain to be elucidated.
Material and Method: Plasma membranes from rat cerebral cortex were isolated on Percoll and fractionated by sucrose-density gradient. Fractions were screened for plasma membrane markers and signaling molecules. G-protein activity was determined by agonist-stimulated gamma-32P-GTPase or 35S-GTPgammaS binding. The largest content of markers was found at the 35% to 40% (w/v) sucrose interface. This fraction was defined as the bulk of the plasma membrane. The low-density plasma membrane fraction was localized in 15% to 20% (w/v) sucrose.
Results: Both bulk and low-density plasma membrane fractions were characterized by high levels of nonspecific, low-affinity GTPase activity and basal, high-affinity GTPase activity. Baclofen-stimulated GTPase activity was twice as high in the bulk fraction as in the low-density fraction. The effect of other G protein-coupled receptor agonists was not significant. 35S-GTPgammaS saturation-binding experiments measured with increasing concentrations of GDP revealed high-affinity sites that were clearly distinguishable from basal binding and responded to agonists in the following order of efficacy: baclofen >(DADLE) >(DAMGO) >U-69593.
Conclusions: The method presented here describes a straightforward method for the isolation of clearly defined plasma membrane preparations from rat brain cortex. Quantitative assessment of G-protein activity, particularly the high basal activity, differs from that reported in membrane fractions from HEK 293 cells.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree