Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
eISSN: 1941-5923
call: +1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST


Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


Get your full text copy in PDF

Kaposi sarcoma of the conjunctiva as the first manifestation of HIV infection

Krzysztof Mika, Arkadiusz Pogrzebielski, Grzegorz Dyduch, Bo┼╝ena Romanowska-Dixon

Am J Case Rep 2010; 11:64-66

ID: 878476

Background: Kaposi sarcoma is an opportunistic disease strongly associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Although it is often described in HIV-positive patients, it is rare as its first presentation.
Case Report: The case of a 40-year-old Caucasian male presenting with bilateral subconjunctival tumors and hemorrhages is presented. The patient had no prior diagnosis of HIV infection. The clinical diagnosis of Kaposi sarcoma, confirmed by histological examination and a positive test for HIV antibodies, allowed establishing the diagnosis of AIDS. Conjunctival Kaposi sarcoma, discovered by an ophthalmologist, was the very first presentation of AIDS. With surgical resection accompanied by highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the prognosis for Kaposi sarcoma is good.
Conclusions: In case of subconjunctival lesion of unknown origin, one should always consider Kaposi sarcoma. Adequate history taking and precise ophthalmic examination with accessory blood tests and histopathology are obligatory for an accurate diagnosis.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree