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Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis: Report and Literature Review on Two Cases Requiring Prolonged Treatment

Martha Matos-Tocasca, Gabriel De la Cruz-Ku, Erick Auccacusi, Diego Fernandez-Salas, Tatiana García-Ahuanari, Bryan Valcarcel-Valdivia

(Medical College of Peru, Lima, Peru)

Am J Case Rep 2016; 17:819-826

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.900001


BACKGROUND: Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a global problem due to the high morbidity and mortality it causes. Peru is one of the countries with the highest numbers of cases of XDR-TB, which increase every year.
CASE REPORT: We present the case of two siblings who developed XDR-TB, underwent surgery twice, and were in individualized treatment for more than 6 years. Finally they achieved remission of symptoms, despite not having standardized treatment schemes during their diagnosis period.
CONCLUSIONS: Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis can be cured with a treatment that involves both medical care and patient actions to achieve remission of the disease.

Keywords: Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
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