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Outcomes of Laparoscopic Treatment in Women with Cesarean Scar Syndrome

Erik Dosedla, Pavel Calda

(Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pavel Jozef Safarik University, 1st Private Hospital Košice-Šaca Inc., Košice-Šaca, Slovakia)

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:4061-4066

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.902720

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of laparoscopic treatment of women with severe defect of a Cesarean section (CS) scar and Cesarean scar syndrome.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in 11 women who were treated for Cesarean scar syndrome. Ultrasound examinations were performed transvaginally 1 day before surgery and 6 months after laparoscopy in all women. Clinical data were registered 1 day before laparoscopy and 6 months after laparoscopy.
RESULTS: Of these 11 women, total dehiscence of the CS scar was present in 72.7% (8/11) of the women. Before laparoscopy, all 11 women had severe defect of the CS scar (DRC ≤0.25); however, 6 months after laparoscopy, 81.8% (9/11) of women still had severe defect of the CS scar. Mean thickness of the CS scar, measured 1 day before and 6 months after laparoscopy in all 11 women, was 0.3±0.4 mm and 1.3±1.0 mm, respectively. Accordingly, no significant differences were observed in the mean CS scar thickness (p=0.101). After laparoscopy, 63.6% (7/11) of women were fully asymptomatic, and among the remaining 4, the most common complications were dyspareunia in 36.4% (4/11, p=0.005), pelvic pain in 27.3% (3/11, p=0.014), and dysmenorrhea in 18.2% (2/11, p=0.01), and best results after laparoscopy were achieved for postmenstrual spotting in 18.2% (2/11, p<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Improvement of women’s health after laparoscopy does not necessarily mean improvement of CS scar sonomorphology. Surgery should be offered only to women with symptoms of the Cesarean scar syndrome.

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