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A Case of Round Ligament Varices Presenting in Pregnancy

Luis F. García-Paredes, Stephanie C. Torres-Ayala, Wilmarie Rivera-Hernández, Wilma Rodriguez Mojica

(Ultrasound Section, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, San Juan, Puerto Rico)

Am J Case Rep 2017; 18:1194-1197

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.905753

BACKGROUND: Round ligament varices (RLV) are rare and are almost exclusively seen in pregnant women. RLV may clinically resemble an inguinal hernia, inguinal mass, or other pathology involving the inguinal canal and round ligament. Ultrasound imaging is important to make the diagnosis of RLV.
CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old Hispanic woman, gravida 1 para 0, at 34 weeks gestation, presented to our outpatient department with a complaint of a small, painless, reducible right inguinal mass. Gray-scale sonography showed an asymmetric right inguinal anechoic mass composed of multiple serpentine tubular channels, which became more prominent when the patient performed a Valsalva maneuver. Color Doppler ultrasound imaging showed a hyper vascular structure with a venous flow pattern, consistent with RLV. The patient was treated conservatively and had an uneventful vaginal delivery at 38 weeks gestation. At two weeks postpartum, the RLV spontaneously regressed and her symptoms completely resolved.
CONCLUSIONS: RLV is a rare condition that should be recognized and diagnosed promptly to prevent patients from undergoing unnecessary surgical exploration. Ultrasound is the diagnostic imaging procedure of choice for the diagnosis of RLV, as well as for patient follow-up and to exclude possible complications associated with RLV.

Keywords: Inguinal Canal, Pregnant Women, Round Ligament, Ultrasonography, Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
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