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Effect of Breviscapine on Recovery of Viable Myocardium and Left Ventricular Remodeling in Chronic Total Occlusion Patients After Revascularization: Rationale and Design for a Randomized Controlled Trial

Min Wang, Wen-bin Zhang, Jia-le Song, Yi Luan, Chong-ying Jin

(Department of Cardiology, Biomedical Research (Therapy) Center, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:4602-4609

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.906438


BACKGROUND: How to speed the recovery of viable myocardium in chronic total occlusion (CTO) patients after revascularization is still an unsolved problem. Breviscapine is widely used in cardiovascular diseases. However, there has been no study focused on the effect of breviscapine on viable myocardium recovery and left ventricular remodeling after CTO revascularization.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We propose to recruit 78 consecutive coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with CTO during a period of 12 months. They will be randomly assigned to receive either breviscapine (40 mg) or placebo in the following 12 months. Blood tests, electrocardiogram, and Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE) will be collected at baseline and the follow-up visits at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Low-dose dobutamine MRI will be applied for the assessment of viable myocardium, microcirculation perfusion, and left ventricular remodeling, and the concentrations of angiogenic cytokine, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) will be investigated at baseline and at 1- and 12-month follow-up. The recovery of viable myocardium after revascularization in CTO patients was the primary endpoint. Improvement of microcirculation perfusion, left ventricular remodeling, peripheral concentrations of VEGF and bFGF as well as MACE will be the secondary endpoints.
RESULTS: Breviscapine treatment obviously improve the recovery of viable myocardium, myocardial microcirculation perfusion, and left ventricular remodeling after revascularization in CTO patients, and reduce the occurrence of MACE. We also will determine if breviscapine increases the peripheral blood angiogenic cytokine concentrations of VEGF and bFGF.
CONCLUSIONS: This study will aim to demonstrate the effect of breviscapine on the recovery of viable myocardium and left ventricular remodeling in CTO patients after revascularization.

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