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Bedside Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy by Griggs Technique: A Single-Center Experience

İbrahim Tayfun Şahiner, Yeliz Şahiner

(Department of General Surgery, Hitit University School of Medicine, Erol Olçok Training and Research Hospital, Çorum, Turkey)

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:4684-4688

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.907006


BACKGROUND: The study evaluated reliability and outcomes of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) performed via Griggs’ method in the intensive care unit.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 78 patients who underwent bedside PDT in the intensive care unit (ICU). Demographic characteristics were recorded. In addition, ventilator-related pneumonia, duration of performing PDT, and rates of complications, mortality, and morbidity were assessed.
RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 68.7 years, and 56.4% were females (n=44). The most common indication for ICU was pneumonia (44.9%, n=35), followed by trauma (24.8%, n=13). Mean opening of PDT was 21 minutes. Mean duration of intubation prior to PDT was 21±6 days. Mean FiO2 before and after PDT was 58.7% and 49.1%, respectively. PEEP ratios before and after PDT were 5 and 3, respectively. Seventy-one patients (91%) needed no sedation after PDT. Mechanical ventilator-induced pneumonia was observed in 32.1% (n=25) of patients. The overall complication rate after PDT was 37.1%, most of which were minor. The most common and early complication of PDT was bleeding (28.2%, n=22). Other minor complications included hypotension (3.8%, n=3), desaturation (3.8%, n=3), and subcutaneous emphysema (1.3%, n=1).
CONCLUSIONS: Tracheostomy offers advantages in terms of improving patient comfort, facilitating weaning of patients from the respirator, and providing clearance of pulmonary secretions by reducing pulmonary dead-spaces. PDT is a simple and reliable procedure with lower complication rates. Its advantages include implementation at bedside, with a shortened procedure duration and accelerated wound healing.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
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