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Yuichi Takamatsu, Daiki Yasukawa, Yuki Aisu, Tomohide Hori
(Department of Digestive Surgery, Tenri Hospital, Tenri, Nara, Japan)
Am J Case Rep 2018; 19:962-968
Experience alone is insufficient to ensure successful laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), although LC has become widespread worldwide. Iatrogenic biliary injuries occur beyond the learning curve.
CASE REPORT: Biliary injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy results from anatomical misidentification. The use of a critical view of safety has been established, to identify the cystic artery and the cystic duct, as the cystic duct can be hidden by inflammation (infundibular cystic duct). Seven patients who underwent emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to acute cholecystitis are presented who underwent a critical view of safety protocol during surgery. Five men and two women (mean age, 63.0±13.0 years) included five cases of acute severe cholecystitis and two cases of acute moderate cholecystitis. The mean operative time to complete the critical view of safety exposure was 54.0±17.4 minutes. No cases underwent conversion to open surgery. The mean postoperative duration to ambulation and normal diet was 0.7±0.5 days and 1.0±0.6 days, respectively. The mean time to postoperative patient discharge was 3.9±0.9 days. In all seven cases, the postoperative course was uneventful. The protocol for this surgical procedure is presented, with schematic figures and videos.
CONCLUSIONS: A case series of seven patients who presented with moderate-to-severe acute cholecystitis and who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy, showed good postoperative outcome without surgical complications, using a using a critical view of safety protocol.