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Natural Diterpenoid Isoferritin A (IsoA) Inhibits Glioma Cell Growth and Metastasis via Regulating of TGFβ-Induced EMT Signal Pathway

Bin Shen, Dezhou Sun

(Department of Neurosurgery, Dezhou People's Hospital, Dezhou, Shandong, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:3815-3823

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.910102


BACKGROUND: Malignant glioma is intractable primary brain carcinoma that has a poor survival rate. Natural diterpenoid isoferritin A (IsoA) presents antitumor effects by regulating signal pathways in tumor cells. In the present study we investigated the inhibitory effects of IsoA on glioma cells.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The potential molecular mechanism of IsoA-mediated glioma cell growth and metastasis were investigated using Western blot, gene knockdown, immunofluorescence, and immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS: Results showed that IsoA significantly inhibits growth and metastasis of glioma cells in multiple preclinical settings. In vitro assay showed that IsoA (4 mg/ml) treatment significantly induced apoptosis of glioma cells. Mechanism analysis demonstrated that IsoA (4 mg/ml) treatment decreased TGFβ and regulated EMT markers expression in glioma cells. Reduced expression of TGFβ in glioma cells was closely correlated with inhibitory effects of IsoA on growth and metastasis of glioma cells. TGFβ overexpression promoted glioma cell growth and invasion. Results also showed that IsoA treatment significantly decreased Fibronectin and Vimentin and increased E-cadherin, while TGFβ overexpression abolished the regulation mediated by IsoA in glioma cells. In vivo assay showed that IsoA treatment inhibited tumor growth in a glioma-bearing mouse model.
CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that IsoA could be regarded as a potential anti-cancer agent by regulating TGFβ-induced EMT signal pathway.

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