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A Rare Case of Candida Pericarditis Associated with Esophagopericardial Fistula

Anthony Matta, Khaled Elenizi, Rasha AlHarthi, Nicolas Moussallem, Noureddine Elhajjaj, Thibault Lhermusier, Didier Carrie

(Faculty of Medicine, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, Kaslik, Lebanon)

Am J Case Rep 2019; 20:975-979

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.916006


BACKGROUND: Candida albicans is the principal human fungal opportunistic organism commonly detected in the gastrointestinal and genitourinary systems. Five species of candida (Glabrata, Tropicalis, Albicans, Parapsilosis, and Kruzei) are responsible for most cases of invasive candidiasis or candidemia, which is a growing public health concern due to the increasing complexity of patients, leading to a high fatality rate.
CASE REPORT: We report an extremely rare case of candida pericarditis due to esophagopericardial fistula in a young, heavy, alcoholic adult diagnosed by culture of the drained pericardial fluid, which showed a growth of Candida albicans.
CONCLUSIONS: We highlight the first case of candida pericarditis in immunocompetent adult successfully treated by pericardiocentesis and oral fluconazole.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
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