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Case Report of a Complex Chest Wall Reconstruction with a Cadaveric Achilles Tendon

Peter A. Fedyshin, Michelle Carey, Shazad L. Shaikh, James W. Klena

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Geisinger Community Medical Center, Scranton, PA, USA)

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e920910

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.920910


BACKGROUND: Chest wall reconstruction is sometimes needed after resection of a thoracic malignancy. Various materials and techniques have been utilized to restore stability and integrity to the chest wall. We report what we believe is the first use of a cadaveric Achilles tendon to restore stability and function to the chest wall of a young woman who underwent chest wall resection and right upper lobectomy for a superior sulcus tumor.
CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old woman underwent resection of her first through fourth right ribs in addition to her right upper lobe for a squamous cell superior sulcus tumor. Because it was felt her right scapula provided sufficient coverage of her resultant chest wall defect, her chest wall was not reconstructed post-operatively. The patient experienced 2 episodes of scapular prolapse into her thoracic cavity several months after her resection. After the second episode, her right chest wall was successfully reconstructed with a cadaveric Achilles tendon to prevent further episodes of prolapse.
CONCLUSIONS: We believe this is the first description of chest wall reconstruction with a cadaveric Achilles tendon. The use of a cadaveric Achilles tendon should be considered for reconstruction of the chest wall after complex resection due to its strength characteristics, resistance to subsequent infection, and availability.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
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