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Incidental Finding of Ectopic Liver during Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Antoine Kachi, Charbel Bou Rached, Etienne El-Helou, Mouhammad Kanj, Alaa H. Kansoun

(Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon)

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e921410

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.921410

BACKGROUND: Incidental finding of ectopic liver is gaining more attention especially during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It is reported to be found in different locations as gallbladder, stomach, spleen, umbilical ligament and other intra-peritoneal and intra-thoracic sites.
CASE REPORT: We present 2 cases of ectopic liver found on gallbladder during elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy for 2 Lebanese females. Our findings were consistent with previous reports. The ectopic liver tissues measured 0.9 cm and 0.5 cm respectively, which were smaller than other reports. The liver tissue lacked a biliary system, which was similar to what has been previously reported in the literature. However, no malignant histological signs were seen when excised.
CONCLUSIONS: These 2 cases highlight the fact that ectopic liver tissue may be encountered on the gallbladder during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Awareness of this potential entity is beneficial to widen the differential diagnosis when identified on imaging studies pre-operatively or when found incidentally during surgery as in this case.

Keywords: Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic, Hepatocytes, Laparoscopy

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
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