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Gennaro Martines, Nicola Musa, Fabrizio Aquilino, Arcangelo Picciariello, Donato Francesco Altomare
(Department of General Surgery, “M. Rubino” University Hospital Polyclinic of Bari, Bari, Italy)
Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e923543
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become the most common surgical procedure performed in bariatric surgery. Large hiatal hernias and Barrett’s esophagus are the only contraindications recognized among experts. However, some studies have suggested that LSG may exacerbated gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms or induce postoperative GERD de novo. GERD and erosive esophagitis increase the risk of Barrett’s esophagus. For this reason, in obese patients suffering from GERD, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is considered the gold standard, or in the case of hiatal hernia, a laparoscopic hiatoplasty should be performed. In order to find some alternative techniques and extend the indication of LSG to obese patient with GERD symptoms, some authors have proposed a single step LSG and Nissen’s fundoplication.
CASE REPORT: We report our experience with a male patient who after few months after a single step LSG and Nissen’s fundoplication for morbid obesity and GERD, underwent emergency remnant gastrectomy and esophagojejunostomy because of gastric ischemic perforation.
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that, despite being a well-tolerated and feasible surgical procedure, a single step LSG and gastric fundoplication could increase the risk of severe postoperative complications related to LSG, and we believe that, according to guidelines, gastric bypass or LSG with subsequent hiatoplasty should be preferred in obese patients with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms or hiatal hernia.