H-Index
17
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
eISSN: 1941-5923
call: +1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Logo

MSMbanner
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Annals
ISI-Home

Get your full text copy in PDF

Horizontal Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus Genotype C Among Members of a Wrestling Club in Japan

Kazuhide Takata, Eri Yamauchi, Satoshi Shakado, Yoshinari Uehara, Hiromi Fukuda, Ryo Yamauchi, Naoaki Tsuchiya, Hideo Kunimoto, Takashi Tanaka, Keiji Yokoyama, Daisuke Morihara, Yasuaki Takeyama, Shotaro Sakisaka, Fumihito Hirai

(Department of Gastroenterology and Medicine, Fukuoka University Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka City, Fukuoka, Japan)

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e925044

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.925044


BACKGROUND: In adulthood, most cases of acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are transmitted either by sexual contact or by contaminated needles, but there are other modes of transmission. We report on three cases of HBV infection among members of a wrestling club.
CASE REPORT: A 19-year-old male wrestling athlete was admitted with acute hepatitis B. Five months later, 2 other men, who were members of the same wrestling club, were diagnosed with HBV infection. The full-length sequences of the HBV DNA were identical in all three cases and classified as subgenotype C2 on phylogenetic analysis. This is the most common genotype found in Japan. No history of sexual or bleeding contact with acquaintances outside the club was noted in any of these cases. This suggests horizontal transmission within the wrestling club.
CONCLUSIONS: The possibility of HBV transmission through bleeding wounds and sweat is a concern in contact sports such as wrestling. Hence, hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for unvaccinated contact-sports players.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree