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Esophageal Scab Mimicking a Parasite: A Case Report

Wei-ping Liu, Di Huan, Jin-guang Wang, Qiao-lan Lv, Umar Ibrahim, Xiao-xia Jin, Zhi-yong Tao

(Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui, China (mainland))

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e925199

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.925199

BACKGROUND: Parasitic helminths in the esophagus are rare. Here, we report a case of esophageal scab mimicking a parasite.
CASE REPORT: A 65-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because after choking on food. Gastroscopy showed 2 foreign bodies adherent to the esophagus wall 28 and 34 cm from the incisor, which appeared to be a fluke. Two fluke-like foreign bodies (1.5 and 1.8 cm in length) were removed from the esophageal ulcer with forceps. After fixation with alcohol, the suspected fluke-like foreign bodies were noted to be brown and woody. Under a light microscope, the structure of the foreign body was not apparent, and no typical flatworm tegument structure was demonstrated on pathologic sections, but it had a blood clot-like structure. Administration of albendazole did not expel any helminths. A stool examination showed no eggs of the putative flukes. The genomic DNA of the suspected flukes was extracted and a 700 bp fragment was amplified by universal barcoding primers. The sequencing showed that the homology with human cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene was 98.8%.
CONCLUSIONS: The scab formed by the esophageal ulcer was identified based on clinical manifestations, anti-helminth and stool examinations, parasite morphology, and molecular biology. Our experience with this case suggests that the universal barcoding technique can be used for identification of foreign bodies suspected to be parasites.

Keywords: Clinical Laboratory Techniques, DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic, Esophageal Diseases, Parasites

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
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