H-Index
17
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
eISSN: 1941-5923
call: +1.631.629.4328
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Logo

MSMbanner
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Annals
ISI-Home

Get your full text copy in PDF

Postoperative Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome in a 67-Year-Old Woman Associated with Hemolytic Anemia, Thrombocytopenia, and Acute Renal Failure

Arnab Chowdhury, Megan P. Griffith, Eric Busse, Ahmed Khurshid Pasha

(Department of Hospital Medicine, Mayo Clinic Health System in Mankato, Mankato, MN, USA)

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e925662

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.925662


BACKGROUND: Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) develops from uncontrolled complement activation leading to intravascular hemolysis and thrombotic microangiopathy. Atypical HUS is diagnosed by excluding a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motif, 13 deficiency, and infection-associated HUS. Patients with atypical HUS may respond to eculizumab. We present a case of a 67-year-old woman who developed atypical HUS with hemolytic anemia, renal failure, and thrombocytopenia following an elective hip arthroplasty.
CASE REPORT: An otherwise healthy 67-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital after an elective right total hip arthroplasty. In the postoperative course, she developed vomiting and acute renal failure that was initially attributed to a prerenal cause. She continued to have worsened renal failure in spite of intravenous hydration, and she also developed mild thrombocytopenia. A peripheral blood smear was performed and showed the presence of schistocytes (red blood cell fragments) consistent with microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. In the context of anemia, thrombocytopenia, and renal failure, this finding led to a prompt and early referral to a tertiary care center and a timely diagnosis of atypical HUS. The patient underwent treatment with plasmapheresis, hemodialysis, and eculizumab.
CONCLUSIONS: This report highlights the importance of examination of the peripheral blood smear in the diagnosis of thrombotic microangiopathy. As shown in our case, the presence of schistocytes indicates the need for prompt clinical management.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree