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Difficult Diagnosis and Surgical Procedure for Scirrhous Gastric Cancer Complicated by Upside-Down Stomach: A Case Report

Hiroki Nakamoto, Ryoichi Yokota, Hiromasa Namba, Tomohiro Ishikawa, Kenji Yamada, Mitsuchika Hosoda, Koichi Taguchi

(Department of Surgery, Sunagawa City Medical Center, Sunagawa, Hokkaido, Japan)

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e926002

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.926002

BACKGROUND: The upper stomach can be involved in 1 type of esophageal hiatal hernia in which the degree of stomach insertion is considerable and accompanied by a twist in the shaft of the stomach. The diagnostic accuracy of upper endoscopy or barium meal examination decreases in patients with upside-down stomach, thus making diagnosis of stomach lesions very difficult. No previous reports have described scirrhous gastric cancer in a patient with upside-down stomach.
CASE REPORT: An 85-year-old woman presented with loss of appetite and vomiting after eating oxalic acid-containing food 2 months previously. Computed tomography revealed an upside-down stomach, and upper endoscopy revealed loss of distensibility and superficial gastritis of the entire stomach. Upside-down stomach was diagnosed; accordingly, laparoscopic hernia repair was planned. Laparoscopic exploration revealed retention of serous fluid (i.e., ascites) containing gastric carcinoma cells (pathologically identified intraoperatively) and induration of the entire stomach. After converting to laparotomy, induration of the stomach was confirmed, continuing to the adjacent 4 cm of the distal esophagus. The patient was diagnosed with scirrhous gastric cancer. Esophageal hiatus hernia repair was performed due to the patient’s age and the risks associated with esophagojejunostomy. Preoperative complaints of symptoms disappeared. The patient was transferred to the medical hospital on postoperative day 52 with no complications.
CONCLUSIONS: Specific symptoms of gastric cancer can mimic those of esophageal hiatal hernia in patients with hernia. In cases of upside-down stomach with loss of distensibility and increased wall thickness, physicians should be aware of the possibility of scirrhous gastric cancer.

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