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Novel Pathogenic Germline Variant of the Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) Gene, p.S2627Gfs*12 Identified in a Mild Phenotype of APC-Associated Polyposis: A Case Report

Diane R. Koeller, Alison Schwartz, Danielle K. Manning, Fei Dong, Neal I. Lindeman, Judy E. Garber, Arezou A. Ghazani

(Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA)

Am J Case Rep 2020; 21:e927293

DOI: 10.12659/AJCR.927293

BACKGROUND: The diagnoses of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC)-associated polyposis conditions are typically based on suggestive personal features and/or family history, and the identification of a pathogenic variant in the APC gene. However, with large-scale genome sequencing, it is now possible to identify pathogenic variants before or even without the presentation of the expected clinical features. This case describes a novel pathogenic APC variant.
CASE REPORT: We report the unexpected identification of a rare, pathogenic germline APC variant, p.S2627Gfs*12 in an 80-year-old man with a diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma, without any family history of APC-associated polyposis or personal history of colorectal cancer. After the identification of the APC variant, a review of the patient’s medical records showed a personal history of 15 adenomatous polyps over a decade ago, with no follow-up genetic testing at the time.
CONCLUSIONS: This novel APC variant has not been characterized to date. The presence of the APC-p.S2627Gfs*12 variant in this patient led to the recommendation of additional cascade genetic testing and surveillance measures for any family members who tested positive for this variant. This report highlights the broad spectrum of the APC-associated polyposis features, and a mild phenotype associated with the pathogenic APC p.S2627Gfs*12 variant.

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